Jesus told this parable to His disciples on the way to Jerusalem because they thought the kingdom of God would appear immediately. A parable would take a subject that was well known to the listener & compare or demonstrate that which was unknown. A mina was a unit of weight & currency, equal to 60 shekels, & 1/4 of an agricultural workers annual earnings.
A nobleman went away to a far land to receive a kingdom for himself & to return. He called his servants to him, giving each ten minas & said, Do business till I come.
After receiving his kingdom, he called his servants to see what they had gained by trading. The first servant had earned ten minas. The master gave him authority over ten cities in his kingdom because he had been faithful with a little amount. The second had five minas & was given authority over five cities. The third presented him with the original mina which he had put away because he was fearful & knowing the master as an austere man, collecting what was not deposited and reaping what he did not sow.
You knew this about me and did not even put the mina in the bank to draw interest. You wicked servant! Out of your own mouth I will judge you.
So the mina was taken from him & given to the servant with ten. The master said, for I say to you, that everyone who has will be given; and from him who does not have, even what he has will be taken away.
When it was time to travel again a rich man came to Jesus & wanted to know what he could do to have eternal life— sell everything give it to the poor & come with me Jesus said but the man was very rich & could not so he went on his way & Jesus led the way towards Jerusalem with the disciples being amazed as well as afraid so He took them aside to tell them again what would happen— how he would be betrayed condemned mocked scourged spit on & killed on the third day He would rise again